The ICRC has a longstanding history in Somalia spanning over 35 years of conflict response and humanitarian relief. It continues to assist populations afflicted by a combination of protracted armed conflict and harsh climate shocks such as drought and floods.

In 2018, the ICRC had to reduce some of its operations of assistance following concerns over security and the organization’s overall acceptance in the field. The ICRC also works closely with the Somali Red Crescent Society (SRCS) to respond to humanitarian needs by providing emergency food supplies, safe drinking water sources, seeds and agricultural tools and livestock vaccinations.