How to provide quality care and safe surgery? What are the minimum requirements to hold a safe surgical intervention in a disrupted environment?
These are some of the questions addressed this week during a joint seminar on ‘surgical management in austere environments’ organized by The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), together with the Ministry of Health and Magen David Adom (MDA).
30 medical professionals, mostly surgeons representing all hospitals in Israel, IDF and MDA, participated in the seminar held in Ashdod, and exchanged their experiences.
Working in austere environments with limited resources due to conflicts or disasters presents many challenges to medical teams. Often health infrastructure is limited, skilled staff may not be available, while electricity and water may be disrupted. Moreover, when the ability to use high technology medical equipment such as MRI and CT scans or to have the latest materials or medications is just not possible due to these challenging conditions
The aim of the seminar was to share and discuss the way to overcome these challenges and to provide safe, appropriate and effective surgery to wounded patients under such difficult conditions, and of the ways to minimize possible damages.
“As we were part of medical teams in disaster areas across the world, we find it important to have the Israeli Medical professionals be acquainted to these challenges, and to be provided with tools from the ones who have experience, in order to give better treatments to the patients in such situations”, said Tomer Kaplan, MDA disasters management officer.
A particular focus was given to pre-hospital care, vascular surgery and orthopedic surgery, including prosthesis and rehabilitation. Among the other topics discussed: triage in mass casualties’ events; Health Care in Danger project; the international humanitarian law and health; ethics and dilemmas in humanitarian assistance; land mine injuries; mental health and psychosocial support for weapon-wounded patients, and more.
A specific panel was held on ethics while providing assistance to wounded in such contexts. “Throughout the seminar we discussed also the moral dilemmas and ethical issues in such situations – which cannot always be solved – but being aware of it can prepare the medical teams to deliver better assistance”, said Dr Harald Veen, ICRC Chief Surgeon, based in Headquarters in Geneva.
”We hope that following the experience that we shared in the seminar, the participants are now better prepared for working in austere environments, such as natural disasters or armed conflict”, said Veen.
“Together with the Ministry of health and the Local authorities, we deal with preparedness to disasters”, said Kaplan. “This seminar added the medical treatment angle, in this specific case surgical management in austere environments.”
“We contribute to the seminar, but we also gain new knowledge, mainly regarding the aspect of giving medical treatment in situations with few resources”, said Lt. Colonel Yitzhak Avraham, IDF Head of Trauma.
“Medical systems worldwide should know how to cope with such situations, when there are many wounded people, and there are few resources to treat them. We study this issue together with our colleagues at the ICRC, Ministry of Health and Magen David Adom. At the seminar I presented the issue of pain treatment, which is one of our duties as medical professionals, regardless to religion, race or gender. whomever is treated by us should suffer less, and this is something we know how to do.”
Surgical Management in Austere Environments: An interview with Dr. Harald Veen